Static Bundles

The normal and most flexible way to add a CppMicroServices bundle to an application is to compile it into a shared library that is later installed in the application.

However, bundles can be linked statically to your application or shared library. This makes the deployment of your application less error-prone and in the case of a complete static build also minimizes its binary size and start-up time. The disadvantage is that no functionality can be added without a rebuild and redistribution of the application.

Creating Static Bundles

Static bundles are written just like shared bundles - there are no differences in the usage of the CppMicroServices API or the provided preprocessor macros.

Using Static Bundles

Static bundles can be used (imported) in shared or other static libraries or in the executable itself. For every static bundle you would like to import, you need to put a call to CPPMICROSERVICES_IMPORT_BUNDLE or to CPPMICROSERVICES_INITIALIZE_STATIC_BUNDLE (if the bundle does not provide an activator) into the source code of the importing library.


While you can link static bundles to other static bundles, you will still need to import all of the static bundles into the final executable to ensure proper initialization.

There are two main usage scenarios which are explained below together with some example code.

Using a Shared CppMicroServices Library

Building the CppMicroServices library as a shared library allows you to import static bundles into other shared or static bundles or into the executable.

Example code for importing MyStaticBundle1 into another library or executable
#include "cppmicroservices/BundleImport.h"


Using a Static CppMicroServices Library

The CppMicroServices library can be build as a static library. In that case, creating shared bundles is not supported. If you create shared bundles which link a static version of the CppMicroServices library, the runtime behavior is undefined.

In this usage scenario, every bundle will be statically build and linked to an executable:

Static bundles and CppMicroServices library
#include "cppmicroservices/BundleImport.h"


Note that the first CPPMICROSERVICES_IMPORT_BUNDLE call imports the static CppMicroServices library. Then the MyStaticBundle2 bundle is imported and finally, the executable itself is initialized (this is necessary if the executable itself is a C++ Micro Services bundle).