Contributing to C++ Micro Services¶
This page contains information about reporting issues as well as some tips and guidelines useful to experienced open source contributors. Make sure you read the contribution guideline before you start participating.
A great way to contribute to the project is to send a detailed report when you encounter an issue. We always appreciate a well-written, thorough bug report, and will thank you for it!
Check that the issue database doesn’t already include that problem or suggestion before submitting an issue. If you find a match, add a quick “+1” or “I have this problem too.” Doing this helps prioritize the most common problems and requests.
When reporting issues, please include your host OS and compiler vendor and version. Please also include the steps required to reproduce the problem if possible and applicable.
This section gives the experienced contributor some tips and guidelines.
Fork the repository and make changes on your fork in a feature branch:
- If it’s a bug fix branch, name it
XXXX-somethingwhere XXXX is the number of the issue.
- If it’s a feature branch, create an enhancement issue to announce
your intentions, and name it
XXXX-somethingwhere XXXX is the number of the issue.
Submit unit tests for your changes.
Update the documentation when creating or modifying features. Test your documentation changes for clarity, concision, and correctness.
Pull request descriptions should be as clear as possible and include a reference to all the issues that they address.
Commit messages must start with a capitalized and short summary (max. 50 chars) written in the imperative, followed by an optional, more detailed explanatory text which is separated from the summary by an empty line.
Code review comments may be added to your pull request. Discuss, then make the suggested modifications and push additional commits to your feature branch. Post a comment after pushing. New commits show up in the pull request automatically, but the reviewers are notified only when you comment.
Pull requests must be cleanly rebased on top of development without multiple branches mixed into the PR.
Git tip: If your PR no longer merges cleanly, use
rebase development in your feature branch to update your pull
request rather than
Before you make a pull request, squash your commits into logical units
of work using
git rebase -i and
git push -f. A logical unit of
work is a consistent set of patches that should be reviewed together:
for example, upgrading the version of a vendored dependency and taking
advantage of its now available new feature constitute two separate units
of work. Implementing a new function and calling it in another file
constitute a single logical unit of work. The very high majority of
submissions should have a single commit, so if in doubt: squash down to
After every commit, make sure the test suite passes. Include documentation changes in the same pull request so that a revert would remove all traces of the feature or fix.
Include an issue reference like
Closes #XXXX or
Fixes #XXXX in
commits that close an issue. Including references automatically closes
the issue on a merge.
If your change is large enough to warrant a copyright statement, add
yourself to the
COPYRIGHT file, using the same style as the existing
Sign your work¶
The sign-off is a simple line at the end of the explanation for the patch. Your signature certifies that you wrote the patch or otherwise have the right to pass it on as an open-source patch. The rules are pretty simple: if you can certify the below (from developercertificate.org):
Developer Certificate of Origin
Copyright (C) 2004, 2006 The Linux Foundation and its contributors.
660 York Street, Suite 102,
San Francisco, CA 94110 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Developer's Certificate of Origin 1.1
By making a contribution to this project, I certify that:
(a) The contribution was created in whole or in part by me and I
have the right to submit it under the open source license
indicated in the file; or
(b) The contribution is based upon previous work that, to the best
of my knowledge, is covered under an appropriate open source
license and I have the right under that license to submit that
work with modifications, whether created in whole or in part
by me, under the same open source license (unless I am
permitted to submit under a different license), as indicated
in the file; or
(c) The contribution was provided directly to me by some other
person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
(d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
this project or the open source license(s) involved.
Then you just add a line to every git commit message:
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Use your real name (sorry, no pseudonyms or anonymous contributions).
If you set your
user.email git configs, you can
sign your commit automatically with
git commit -s.
Contributor Covenant Code of Conduct¶
In the interest of fostering an open and welcoming environment, we as contributors and maintainers pledge to making participation in our project and our community a harassment-free experience for everyone, regardless of age, body size, disability, ethnicity, gender identity and expression, level of experience, nationality, personal appearance, race, religion, or sexual identity and orientation.
Examples of behavior that contributes to creating a positive environment include:
- Using welcoming and inclusive language
- Being respectful of differing viewpoints and experiences
- Gracefully accepting constructive criticism
- Focusing on what is best for the community
- Showing empathy towards other community members
Examples of unacceptable behavior by participants include:
- The use of sexualized language or imagery and unwelcome sexual attention or advances
- Trolling, insulting/derogatory comments, and personal or political attacks
- Public or private harassment
- Publishing others’ private information, such as a physical or electronic address, without explicit permission
- Other conduct which could reasonably be considered inappropriate in a professional setting
Project maintainers are responsible for clarifying the standards of acceptable behavior and are expected to take appropriate and fair corrective action in response to any instances of unacceptable behavior.
Project maintainers have the right and responsibility to remove, edit, or reject comments, commits, code, wiki edits, issues, and other contributions that are not aligned to this Code of Conduct, or to ban temporarily or permanently any contributor for other behaviors that they deem inappropriate, threatening, offensive, or harmful.
This Code of Conduct applies both within project spaces and in public spaces when an individual is representing the project or its community. Examples of representing a project or community include using an official project e-mail address, posting via an official social media account, or acting as an appointed representative at an online or offline event. Representation of a project may be further defined and clarified by project maintainers.
Instances of abusive, harassing, or otherwise unacceptable behavior may be reported by contacting the project team at email@example.com. All complaints will be reviewed and investigated and will result in a response that is deemed necessary and appropriate to the circumstances. The project team is obligated to maintain confidentiality with regard to the reporter of an incident. Further details of specific enforcement policies may be posted separately.
Project maintainers who do not follow or enforce the Code of Conduct in good faith may face temporary or permanent repercussions as determined by other members of the project’s leadership.